"A teeming nation of nations", Walt Whitman


Thomas Bender, A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History, Hill & Wang, 2006

"Mr Bender treats the American revolution as a by-product of the "great war" that France and Britain fought off and on throughout the 18th century until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. The American civil war (1861-65) becomes part of the democratic era of nation building that began with the European revolutions of 1848. The United States did not join Europe's scramble for empire at the end of the 19th century as a colonizing power. But it fought a terrible war to control the Philippines, set a pattern of intervention in its own hemisphere and in Asia, and established a doctrine of untrammelled sea power that survives to this day. For his fifth episode, Mr Bender likens the progressive social reforms of the 1890s onwards to changes Europeans also made to temper the free market. The breadth of wiew is exhilarating, and the reading daunting in scope. Mr Bender dots his essay with awkward reminders that the American past was not a smooth, inevitable rise to superpowerdom and moral beaconhood." The Economist, compte rendu du livre, extrait, 6 mai 2006


Rosie the riveter




       Golden Gate, San Francisco



Zzyzx road